How does it work the cannabidiol molecular structure?

The cannabis plant possesses a great variety of compounds, some of which are used for recreational purposes and others for medicinal purposes. Among the compounds of cannabis are tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinoids. It is important to mention that cannabinoids are of great use in the field of medicine, being one of the most used Cannabidiol (CBD), which has a great variety of properties used for treatment and therapies different diseases such as chronic pain, hypertension, glaucoma And even cancer. For all of the aforementioned cannabidiol molecular structure has been well studied in the scientific field in order to have a better understanding about this compound.molecular structure of cannabidiol

One of the most common compounds of the cannabis plant, especially in its early stage of flowering is Cannabidiol (CBD). It is not psychoactive, and exerts a modulating action on THC, the most psychoactive of cannabinoids, decreasing its psychoactivity. And the cannabidiol molecular structure of both is very similar

Regarding chemistry Cannabidiol is insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. At room temperature is a colorless crystalline solid. In strongly basic media and in the presence of oxygen, it oxidizes in a quinone. Under opposing conditions, in acid media, it becomes cyclic forming THC. Several research groups have been able to synthesize and isolate cannabidiol.

What is cannabidiol molecular structure

cannabidiol molecular structure is expressed as 2- (6-isopropenyl-3-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-pentyl-1,3-benzenediol. It is integrated in the family of terpenofenoles, substances that usually have a carbocyclic structure with 21 carbons and are generally formed by three rings, cyclohexene, tetrahydropyran and benzene. When the cannabidiol molecular structure is mentioned this should be known that the CBD has the same chemical formula and molecular weight as THC ie (C21H30O2, 314.46 g / mol), although slightly different structure, like THC and most other lipids, CBD is hydrophobic and lipophilic, meaning that it does not readily dissolve or emulsify in water, but it does dissolve in fats (as do most organic solvents, such as Butane and alcohol), for which to extract this compound in the form of CBD oil is usually used olive oil or pure ethyl alcohol.

 It is also important to know that under acidic conditions, the CBD is cycled (forming a new carbon ring) to become THC. Under alkaline conditions (in the presence of water), the CBD oxidizes to become a hydroxyquinone of cannabidiol, which has not yet been studied much, but is known to exert an inhibitory effect on hepatic (liver) enzymes Are vital to metabolize drugs or drugs ingested. In some cases people who are very sensitive may slightly become inside the stomach in small concentrations of THC, which would explain why some people may experience similar effects, but there are very few cases where it occurs. As for its medicinal use, it is finding in supplement form like Pure CBD.


Cannabidiol is one compound most abundant in the plant known as cannabidiol molecular structure is complex, its formula is similar to Thc, but its molecular structure are slightly different, in the scientific and medical field has been very studied by its benefits and to understand how it is extracted and how it acts in the organism.

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